From a foundation deposit in "a small pit covered with a mat" found at Deir el-Bahri, Egypt. Egyptologist David Lorton used this as proof that Velikovsky was involved in deliberate deception, and reiterated the mainstream belief that it proved Hatshepsut did not take part in the expedition.
She later ordered the construction of two more obelisks to celebrate her 16th year as pharaoh; one of the obelisks broke during construction and a third was therefore constructed to replace it. The Oracle of Amun proclaimed that it was the will of Amun that Hatshepsut be pharaoh, further strengthening her position.
Amon then recounts how the …wonderful things brought thence [from Punt] under your fathers, the Kings of Lower Egypt, were handed down from one Hatshepsut s expedition to punt another; and since the time of the ancestors of the Kings of Upper Egypt who were of old, they have been [received only] as in return for much payment, none having [actually] reached the groves except your messengers Breasted, Records, Vol.
Yet if Hatshepsut did go to Punt, this still leaves us with the problem of explaining why she was so demure in her claims. The author shows, in addition, that the wildlife of the Arabian Peninsula was before desertification a savannah with lions, leopards, giraffes, elephants A woman becoming pharaoh was rare, however; only SobekneferuKhentkaus I and possibly Nitocris preceded her.
This is a point that cannot be stressed too strongly. I will lead your soldiers by land and by water, on mysterious shores, which join the harbours of incense Very little is known about these expeditions. In the spring ofthe unidentified body was finally removed from the tomb by Dr.
In fact, we have no evidence to support the assumption that Thutmose hated or resented Hatshepsut during her lifetime. This method of sail control is found in other ancient Mediterranean ships, including those with loose-footed sails whereas in Northern Europe the practice was to control the sail from the foot rather than the yard.
At Karnak, there even was an attempt to wall up her obelisks. The arrival back at Thebes was both joyous and peaceful, and in the presence of the Queen a long line of Puntites carrying ebony and boomerangs, and drive cattle, while the Egyptians carried frankincense and other goods to presented to the Queen.
The historian is frustrated by his inability to actually witness an event of such splendour. This may provide some insight into why Hatshepsut commanded such a voyage and shows her ability to understand her great economy.
Amenhotep IIthe son of Thutmose III, who became a co-regent toward the end of his father's reign, is suspected by some as being the defacer during the end of the reign of a very old pharaoh. They saw the goddess as akin to their hunter goddess, Artemis.
Presuming that it was Thutmose III rather than his co-regent sonTyldesley also put forth a hypothesis about Thutmose suggesting that his erasures and defacement of Hatshepsut's monuments could have been a cold, but rational attempt on his part to extinguish the memory of an "unconventional female king whose reign might possibly be interpreted by future generations as a grave offence against Ma'atand whose unorthodox coregency" could "cast serious doubt upon the legitimacy of his own right to rule.
This fundemental record from Egyptian History of the ships of Queen Hatshepsut as recorded in her temple mark an apex in our knowledge of Egyptian shipbuilding in its unique form.
They [the goods and the Puntites] were sent forward downstream, arriving in festivity, bringing tribute into the royal presence. She later ordered the construction of two more obelisks to celebrate her 16th year as pharaoh; one of the obelisks broke during construction and a third was therefore constructed to replace it.
This is shown in a pictorial where the god Thoth and four workers are recording the many exotic goods from the land of Punt.
The researchers at first found that the mummies most closely matched modern specimens seen in Eritrea and Ethiopia as opposed to those in neighboring Somalia, with the Ethiopian specimens "basically due west from Eritrea".Hatshepsut Describe the expedition to Punt in the reign of Hatshepsut.
(10 marks) The expedition into punt during the reign of Hatshepsut took place prior to or during the ninth year of her reign and involved a lengthy voyage along the Nile somewhere in the vicinity of.
A tree in front of Hatshepsut's temple, claimed to have been brought from Punt by Hatshepsut's Expedition which is depicted on the Temple walls. (CC BY-SA ) Top image: A stone statue of Hatshepsut (CC BY-SA ) and Egyptian soldiers from Hatshepsut's expedition to the Land of Punt as depicted from her temple at Deir el-Bahri.
Hatshepsut's character and personal history is another story, this page is dedicated to her expedition to Punt. This expedition is an indicator of her leadership and skill in motivating and governing the Egyptian society of her time to high ach i evement.
Hatshepsut Describe the expedition to Punt in the reign of Hatshepsut. (10 marks) The expedition into punt during the reign of Hatshepsut took place prior to or during the ninth year of her reign and involved a lengthy voyage along the Nile somewhere in the vicinity of present-day Somalia.
Just as Immanuel Velikovsky argued in (Ages in Chaos), the mysterious Land of Punt, to which Hatshepsut launched a famous expedition, was truly the land of Israel; and her great funerary monument at Deir el Bahri, to the west of Thebes, contains an actual description of.
Hatshepsut's character and personal history is another story, this page is dedicated to her expedition to Punt. This expedition is an indicator of her leadership and skill in motivating and governing the Egyptian society of her time to high ach i evement.Download