Some studies show that women with greater autonomy are more likely to seek health care for themselves 6 and use different forms of health care services available to them. A systematic review of the literature was conducted. This review summarises the current knowledge of the relationship between maternal autonomy and children's nutritional status defined as any measure that reflects the nutritional state of the body, such as birthweight or anthropometric scores and child-feeding practices.
That is, when the preference for a traditional role of subservience, or to remain in an abusive relationship, reflects the agent's deepest commitments, it meets a threshold and hence is autonomous. University of Minnesota Press, pp. There is strong evidence suggesting that females being paid in cash enjoy better household status and decision making power whereas women who are employed but do not earn cash are less likely than women not employed to participate in decision making.
Her position is also constitutively relational because agents can be wrong to trust themselves, for example, when they overestimate their own competence. She must remain costumed in cumbersome garb—a burqa—when in public. Meyers distinguishes episodic or local autonomy—the capacity to decide in particular situations—from programmatic autonomy, which is the capacity to decide major life issues e.
There is strong evidence suggesting that females being paid in cash enjoy better household status and decision making power whereas women who are employed but do not earn cash are less likely than women not employed to participate in decision making.
Results of the studies included in the review strongly suggest that raising maternal autonomy is an important goal for improving children's nutritional status, yet gaps in the current knowledge exist, further confounded by issues with how autonomy is measured and limitations of cross-cultural comparability.
Studies show that autonomy is positively associated with health care decision-making and better health outcomes, although the literature has predominantly examined reproductive health, and very few other health decisions affecting women. Second, it has been suggested that socio-relational views are objectionable because they permit paternalism or are implicitly committed to perfectionism Holroyd ; Christman Govier proposes that other self-regarding attitudes, such as self-respect and self-esteem, are integral components of self-trust.
It does not require that the content of agents' preferences correspond to the content of the applicable norms. Moreover, perhaps precisely because of the connection between these kinds of preferences and systems of gender oppression, many feminists resist the conclusion that the Angel and the Deferential Wife are autonomous.
They claim that autonomy is achieved when the agent undergoes, or has the capacity to undergo, an internal intellectual process of reflecting on her motivations, beliefs, and values, and then revising her preferences in the light of such reflection.
Restrictive or oppressive social relationships may hamper an agent's ability to develop the capacity for critical reflection that is required for autonomy, or they may provide role models, self-trust, self-confidence, and so forth, which enhance the capacity Friedman On Benson's normative competence account, an agent must have the intellectual capacity to discern applicable norms in order to count as autonomous.
Five year plans are formulated by the Indian government to develop the Indian economy.
Meyers considers the impact of oppressive socialization on autonomy competency. Most studies used a definition of autonomy that included independence for women to make their own choices and decisions. Marilyn Friedman suggests that women who choose to remain in abusive relationships may be autonomous.
She looks at the experiences of rape and incest victims to illustrate the ways in which self-trust can be eroded. Third, it has been alleged that these accounts are too quick to treat oppression as always impeding autonomy. The concept of content-neutrality has been an extremely important tool in the feminist rehabilitation of autonomy and procedural conceptions are attractive to feminists in large part due to their content-neutrality.
There is a close connection between the undermining of such states and oppression. Narayan also suggests a thin conception of autonomy: Some feminist philosophers have argued that articulating the conditions under which autonomous choice is exercised is vital to attempts to understand gender oppression.
Agents acting on desires that satisfy this condition are acting authentically and on their deepest commitments. The test for authenticity on his account is historical and counterfactual: A Journal of Demography, Hence, agents who have adopted oppressive practices will often be autonomous on dialogical accounts.
In order to distinguish adaptive preference formation from preference change due to learning and other processes, Elster proposes that the former is an unconscious process in which an agent turns away from a preference to avoid unpleasant cognitive dissonance that is associated with holding on to it.
There is no consensus as to which theoretical position is correct.Women's autonomy in health care decision-making in developing countries: a synthesis of the literature Pauline E Osamor, Christine Grady Department of Bioethics, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA Abstract: Autonomy is considered essential for decision-making in a range of health care situations, from health care.
development literature, breaking down the process by fundamental concepts and still flourish in policy discourse. (5) Terms like autonomy, power, status, agency are used A literature Review on the Conceptualization of Women’s. Literature Review on Women's Autonomy in India Essay.
Women’s empowerment has gained significant recognition in recent years - Literature Review on Women's Autonomy in India Essay introduction. There is a growing acceptance now amongst development experts that improvements in the standard of health care and access to the same can be realized through improvements in social determinants of.
This integrative literature review is based on the need to discuss the role of women in childbirth and their difficulties in autonomously 2 caring for themselves and their child.
The aim of this review is to identify the available evidence in scientific production of healthcare practices that interfere with the autonomy of Brazilian women in. Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Paper 43 Getting Good Government for Women: A Literature Review Leah Horowitz kaleiseminari.com 6/11/09 PM Page i.
This review provides the first critical synthesis of the literature and assesses existing evidence between women’s empowerment and family planning use. Banner image (cropped): Courtesy wilkernet via kaleiseminari.com and Creative Commons CC0.Download